Also known as high blood pressure.
Hypertension can develop due to hardening or narrowing of arteries, excess volume of blood in the system, or secondary to another condition. Poor stress management and sleep can even result in high blood pressure.
If you are diagnosed with high blood pressure it might come as a surprise, as this condition commonly presents without any symptoms. People who experience life-threatening hypertension could notice an increase in headaches, visual changes, shortness of breath, chest pain, or confusion, but even then, these symptoms are not always present.
Hypertension can lead to serious medical concerns if left untreated. If you are experiencing any unusual symptoms, seek medical care immediately.
There are two types of hypertension and depending on which one you are diagnosed with; the causes might vary considerably. Primary hypertension, also called essential hypertension, occurs as we age and there is currently no known cause. Many individuals naturally experience build-up in their arteries over the years, leading to an increase in blood pressure.
Secondary hypertension is related to other health issues. This type of high blood pressure can occur due to obstructive sleep apnea and other sleep disorders, poor nutrition and sedentary lifestyle, poor stress management, kidney issues, thyroid problems, medication use, and congenital blood vessel defects.
The first step in treating hypertension is determining if there is an underlying cause. If so, the doctors at Manhattan Cardiovascular Associates will create a comprehensive plan that addresses both the elevated blood pressure readings and what’s driving it. Whenever possible, the plan will rely on lifestyle changes and medications only when necessary. Keep in mind that the right treatment may also depend on other medical conditions you have, which your doctor will keep in mind.
Individuals with elevated blood pressure can prevent the condition from getting worse by engaging in a healthy and active lifestyle. Make sure to limit the amount of alcohol you consume and also monitor your sodium intake. Regular exercise and quitting smoking can also help. Hypertension is a serious medical concern, but it can easily be managed and in some cases reversed.